Category Archives: Astrology

The Vedic Grahas ग्रह (Planets)

The Sanskrit word “Grahas” or “ग्रह” means “that which grasps.” The Grahas grasp our consciousness, and the astrological condition of a particular Graha represents our state of consciousness in the areas of life “held” by that Graha

The nine Grahas (planets) are listed in Sanskrit and English below:

  1. सूर्य /Surya (the Sun)
  2. चन्द्र /Chandra (the Moon)
  3. मंगल /Mangal (Mars)
  4. बुध /Budh (Mercury)
  5.  गुरु /Guru (Jupiter)
  6. शुक्र/Shukra (Venus)
  7. शनि /Shani (Saturn)
  8. राहु/Rahu (Northern lunar node)
  9. केतु /Ketu (Southern lunar node).

These names are listed in Sanskrit, to encourage you to become familiar with their original names used in Indian Vedic Astrology.

Most texts on Jyotish Shastra use the word “Grahas” instead of Planets. Since the Sun, the Moon, Rahu, and Ketu are technically not planets, it is more correct to call them Grahas.

The Grahas are divided into two groups, according to their general auspicious or inauspicious effects. The Sanskrit terms used to label these two groups are:

1.सौम्य /”Saumya” (benefic)
2.क्रूर /”Krura” (malefic)

Surya (the Sun), Shani (Saturn), Mangal (Mars), waning Chandra (the Moon), Rahu, and Ketu are all classified as malefics. The waxing Chandra (the Moon), Budha (Mercury), Guru (Jupiter) and Shukra (Venus) are classified as benefics. When Mercury is in the same sign as another malefic, it is considered to be a malefic also.
Most Grahas are fixed in nature. Only Chandra (Moon) and Budha (Mercury) can be affected by their specific placement in the chart. The Moon is benefic when bright.

Astronomical basis of Vedic Astrology

The Zodiac is a belt of sky stretching out on both sides of the ecliptic. It encompasses the space through which the planets go in their circles. Vedic Astrology utilizes sidereal zodiac, which is not the same as the tropical zodiac utilized as a part of Western Astrology. While the tropical (Western) Astrology utilizes the vernal equinox (the Sun’s position toward the start of spring) as the beginning stage for the estimations along the zodiac, the sidereal (Vedic) Astrology uses altered stars to recognize distinctive fragments along the zodiac.

The beginning stages of the sidereal and tropical zodiacs correspond once at regular intervals. After that the beginning stages separate from one another by a rough 1 level of a circular segment for every each 72 years. The contrast between the longitude of the beginning stages of the sidereal and tropical zodiacs at any given time is called Ayanamsha.
Because of the current debate about the year in which the two beginning stages matched last, there are a few ayanamshas utilized by distinctive schools of Vedic Astrology. Some of them are Lahiri, Krishnamurti, Raman, and Fagan ayanamshas.

Lahiri is the most broadly utilized Ayanamsha which is in view of the last incident point occurring in the year 285 A.D. Lahiri Ayanamsha for the year of a person’s birth in 1991 is – 23:44:26 degrees.

Convert Indian Vedic Astrology Sign to Western Astrology Sign

If he needs to change over his sidereal (Vedic) planetary positions into tropical (Western), he can do as such by adding this ayanamsha to the degrees of the planets in his Vedic outline. To arrive  at the sidereal positions by changing over the tropical ones, he should subtract the ayanamsha from the tropical positions.

For instance, if  a 1991 born person’s Sun is set in 29:57 degrees of the heavenly body of Aries in Vedic graph. When he include the ayanamsha for the year of his birth, which is – 23:44:26 degrees, he will infer the tropical (Western Astrology) horoscope position of Sun which happens to be put in the indication of Taurus.

Consequently, His Jyotish (sidereal) Sun sign is Aries and His Western (tropical) Sun sign is Taurus

What is Karakas,Atma Karaka & Amatya Karaka Graha

I have Already described permanent significations of the Grahas in Indian Vedic Astrology System. Apart from those, the Grahas also have a set of significations that changes according to the degree within the sign. The degree within the sign is always a number between 0-30, and the closer a Graha is towards the end of the sign, the more important it’s signification is
Because Rahu moves backwards through the zodiac, its position is measured from the end of the sign for this purpose. In other words, you subtract the degree from 30 and use the result.

Whichever Graha is in the highest degree, is called the Atma karaka. “Atmameans self or soul, and “karakameans significator in Sankrit. Therefore, the Graha that becomes atmakaraka is a significator for the self. Whatever influences on the atmakaraka are found in the chart, will have a significant influence on the person’s deepest nature.
The Graha that is in the next highest degree is called the Amatya karaka. The Amatya karaka signifies Ministership. There is almost no information available from the classics, so the use of these karakas has to be obtained from their names, and the few places where references are made.
The Graha that is the 3rd highest degree is called Bhratru Karaka(Brother/Sister), the 4th is Matru Karaka(Mother), the 5th is Pitru karaka(Father), the 6th is Putra karaka(Son/Daughter), the 7th is Gnati karaka(Knowledge/Wisdom), the 8th is Stree karaka(Spouse).
Parashara indicates two systems in this regard: one system considers 8 karakas, and another considers 7 karakas. In case only 7 karakas are considered, the Matrukaraka and Putrakaraka are the same

According to Sage Parashara : “Just as a minister cannot go against the king, the other karakas cannot predominate over the Atmakaraka in the affairs of the native. If the atmakaraka is afflicted, the other karakas cannot give their positive results properly. But if the Atmakaraka is favorable, afflictions on the other karakas cannot prevail”

Basic Elements of Vedic Astrology

Out of the numerous brilliant bodies in the sky, ones are altered and ones that move.The foundation of the settled stars is known as the zodiac and is partitioned in particular, unmistakable spaces, called nakshatras. The superb bodies that move are called Grahas (for the absence of a superior word deciphered as “Planets”).

For prescient purposes Jyotish takes a gander at the positions of the planets in connection to the stars in the Zodiac at the season of one’s introduction to the world. These positions uncover how the universe was working at that occasion. As it were, planets are similar to 9 extraordinary measuring focuses from which the whole unobtrusive condition of common law can be measured. At the season of conception, when the body enters the world, this condition of the universe gets anticipated into the structure of the life of a person. In this manner, the states of these nine measuring focuses, the nine planets, characterize the whole life compass of occasions also, circumstances for a person.

The 3 Basic Elements of Vedic Astrology

The 9 Grahas

I simply said nine planets, despite the fact that not every one of them are real planets. Just five of them are planets, one is a star, one is a moon, and the staying two are unique scientific focuses. Everybody is acquainted with the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn.The other two elements included into the group are Rahu and Ketu, known as the North and South Lunar nodes.
Rahu and Ketu don’t have physical substance, they are two  numerical focuses that stamp the purpose of crossing point of the plane of the Moon’s circle around  the Earth with the ecliptic plane. Lunar or sun based shrouds happen when the Sun and the Moon are  near one of the hubs. Starting now and into the foreseeable future, we might allude to this gathering of “planets” with a fitting Sanskrit term Grahas.

Each graha (planet) speaks to specific aspects of human life. Customary Vedic crystal gazing does  not consider the impacts of Neptune, Uranus, and Pluto. Here are the names of the grahas in Sanskrit:


Grahas have essential and auxiliary connotations. Here is the rundown of the essential graha implications alloted by the sage Parashara (the creator of Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra):

SURYA (Sun) implies the spirit.
CHANDRA (Moon) implies the brain.
MANGALA (Mars) implies vitality.
BUDHA (Mercury) implies discourse.
Master (Jupiter) implies information.
SHUKRA (Venus) implies generation.
SHANI (Saturn) implies melancholy.

The 27 Nakshatras
The zodiac is isolated into 27 Nakshatras, each of indistinguishable size. The first is called Ashwini, also, the others take after from that point. The exceptionally same zodiac is likewise partitioned in an alternate manner: into 12 Rashis (zodiacal signs). Out of the 12 signs, the particular case that is ascending in the East at the season of  conception is of specific significance. It is called Lagna (Ascendant) and it is utilized as the primary point of reference in breaking down the outline.


The grahas (planets) are continually traveling through the Zodiac. The circle of the Zodiac is partitioned into 12 equivalent fragments called groups of stars or rashis (signs). Each rashi (sign) involves 30 degrees of the divine space. Each of the rashis (signs) has a special arrangement of traits that influence any graha (planet) going through that sign. The signs are situations that influence the way a planet feels and carries on.
Here are the 12 rashis (signs) recorded in their common request:
1. ARIES (Mesha)
2. TAURUS (Vrishabha)
3. GEMINI (Mithuna)
4. CANCER (Karka)
5. LEO (Simha)
6. VIRGO (Kanya)
7. LIBRA (Tula)
8. SCORPIO (Vrishika)
10. CAPRICORN (Makara)
11. AQUARIUS (Kumbha)
12. PISCES (Meena)

Rashi rulerships

Each rashi (sign) has its specific planetary ruler. The Sun and the Moon standard more than one sign every, while whatever is left of the grahas hold rulership more than two signs. Customarily, Rahu and Ketu are considered not to hold rulership over any signs, albeit, a few crystal gazers consider Rahu what’s more, Ketu to co-guideline the indications of Aquarius and Scorpio individually. The sign rulerships are a perpetual quality.
ARIES (Mesha) is ruled by Mars.
TAURUS (Vrishabha) is ruled by Venus.
GEMINI (Mithuna) is ruled by Mercury.
CANCER (Karka) is ruled by the Moon.
LEO (Simha) is ruled by the Sun.
VIRGO (Kanya) is ruled by Mercury.
LIBRA (Tula) is ruled by Venus.
SCORPIO (Vrishika) is ruled by Mars.
SAGITTARIUS (Dhanu) is ruled by Jupiter.
CAPRICORN (Makara) is ruled by Saturn.
AQUARIUS (Kumbha) is ruled by Saturn.
PISCES (Meena) is ruled by Jupiter.

The 12 Bhavas

The Zodiac is isolated in one all the more way. With respect to the position of the Earth, the zodiac is isolated into 12 bhavas (houses). Generally as the best possible movement of planets is reflected by their degree positions in rashis (signs), the diurnal (illusionary, relative movement of the planets as seen from the Earth) movement of the planets is indicated by their position in visionary houses. The houses speak to the different regions of life. The planets and signs that possess the comparing bhavas (houses) will influence those territories of life. The twelve bhavas (houses)
speak to the totality of the presence as experienced by a person.
Here are the primary connotations of every house:
The First House speaks to the Self.
The Second House speaks to your monetary resources.
The Third House speaks to bravery.
The Fourth House speaks to bliss.
The Fifth House speaks to your kids.
The Sixth House speaks to your foes.
The Seventh House speaks to your mate.
The Eighth House speaks to your helpless focuses.
The Ninth House speaks to your fortune.
The Tenth House speaks to you’re profession.
The Eleventh House speaks to your pay.
The Twelfth House speaks to the end of everything.

As of Now, You have been Acquainted with three Basic Elements of Vedic Astrology:
the Grahas (Planets), the Rashis (signs), and the Bhavas (Houses).

The positions of the planets in the signs and houses are delineated in what is known as the Horoscope. Assessment and comprehension of the intuitive impacts of these three primary components constitutes the understanding of your horoscope