There is a fundamental arrangement of connotations for the Grahas that uncovers their center pertinence. These
are the essential connotations of the grahas, as expressed in Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra. All the various auxiliary planetary connotations can be gotten from these key Properties of Grahas ग्रह (Planets)
- The Sun (सूर्य ): the soul
- The Moon (चन्द्र ): the mind
- The Mars (मंगल) : strength
- The Mercury (बुध) : speech
- The Jupiter (गुरु) : knowledge and happiness
- Venus (शुक्र) : potency
- Saturn (शनि ): grief
The Basic Properties of Grahas ग्रह (Planets) have been discussed below:
Surya (Sun) represents the soul. This can be read in the most flexible and general sense of the word. The word soul is used for the deepest and truest nature, for the ultimate sense of identity, inspiration, and aspiration. Surya signifies one’s essential attributes – the sense of self, ego, self esteem, sense of purpose, and so on. Energies and conditions that arise from the Sun’s placement in a horoscope, along with the influences that the Sun receives, will be experienced in life as deep, long-term trends and processes, that impact one’s life as a whole.
Chandra (Moon) represents the mind. It signifies the thoughts and emotions, and the complex psychological faculty that takes input from the senses and tells the body how to respond. The Moon is the single most important planet in Jyotish because the state of mind is responsible for all the emotional responses to life, and therefore defines the subjective perception of life. Conditions affecting the Moon in the chart influence the thinking and feeling processes, mental skills and attitudes, and also responses to the world at large.
Mangal (Mars) represents energy, assertiveness, and the ability to take action. It represents the way one uses energy on many different levels. It manifests in the mind as the ability to analyze situations; it may also measure the force of ambition. It manifests in the body as physical energy and strength. In the social sphere, Mars represents those relationships that test one’s strength, such as one’s competitors and enemies. The condition of Mars in an individual horoscope will indicate the level of one’s energy and ambition.
Budha (Mercury) represents speech. It, also, governs the logical and intellectual side of the mind, the thinking process that precedes speech and ability to communicate, as well as anything related to a language, use of symbols, logic, information processing, and connecting with people or things. The influences on Mercury in the chart will determine the clarity of one’s intellect and speech, and the ability to communicate.
Guru (Jupiter) represents knowledge. Jupiter signifies higher education, wisdom embodied in spiritual traditions, and religion. As gaining knowledge is essential for evolution and spiritual growth, Jupiter also indicates the general principle of growth in life. Physically, Jupiter relates to the growth of the body; mentally, to the increase of happiness and sense of fullness; and socially, to the growth of the family in the form of progeny. Guru signifies prosperity and fortune in life.
Shukra (Venus) represents reproduction (literally semen). Venus indicates everything that is directly and indirectly related to human reproduction: marriage, sex, harmony, comforts, luxury, pleasures, and beauty. The condition of Venus in the horoscope will define one’s ability to experience harmonious and romantic relationships, and the level on which one deals with sensory experiences
Shani (Saturn) represents grief, although this rather harsh description must be understood in more depth, for Saturn is a very important and sometimes deeply spiritual influence in the horoscope. Saturn symbolizes everything that is deep, profound, thorough, long lasting, and serious in life. It is associated with all the aspects of life that teach one how to be more thoughtful and practical, as well as deep and profound. The condition of Saturn in the birth chart will indicate whether these values are put to good use by adding depth and a sense of meaning to life, or whether one refuses to “get serious” and therefore experiences the “grief” of being forced to comply with Saturn’s demands.
Rahu is a very unsteady and erratic force ruled by obsessive passions and unconcerned with ethical notions of right and wrong. Because of this, Rahu can bring great material progress, though any success gained under its influence is likely to be short-lived. Rahu is tricky and sneaky, and creates illusions of all kinds. It especially manifests in one’s compulsions or uncontrollable passions.
Ketu is also an unsteady and sometimes treacherous force, but its qualities are more of an abstract, inward nature, in contrast to Rahu who is more concerned with outward, worldly matters. Ketu can bring hindrance and obstacles in the physical realm of life, but indicates sparks of intelligence and brilliance of the mind.